Nova Scotia

The province of Nova Scotia is situated on the southeastern coast of Canada. Halifax is the capital of this province and a primary economic center. Nova Scotia occupies a total area of 55,284 square kilometers, making it the second smallest among the Canadian provinces in terms of area.

Nova Scotia’s mainland refers to the Nova Scotia Peninsula, which is flanked by the Atlantic Ocean along with several bays as well as estuaries. All the places in Nova Scotia province are close to the ocean. None of the areas are situated at a distance of greater than 42 mi from the sea. Cape Breton Island lying in the northeast of Nova Scotia mainland also belongs to this province. Sable Island lies in the southern coast of the province and is ill famed for shipwrecks.

Nova Scotia is located in the moderate or mid-temperate climatic zone, but it experiences continental climate more than maritime. However, the severity of temperatures associated with continental climate is to an extent moderated due to the presence of the ocean. While the southern and eastern coasts of Nova Scotia experience moderate climate, the winters are cold in the northern part due to heavy ice formation in the Gulf of Saint Lawrence.

The province of Nova Scotia originally was inhabited by the Mikmaq people during the time when the European colonists came into this area. In the year 1604, the French colonists were successful in establishing the earliest permanent settlement of the Europeans, north to Florida at Port Royal - which later came to be called Acadia. The British people gained control over the territory between the years 1713 and 1760 and were instrumental in establishing the new capital of Halifax in the year 1749. Nova Scotia was one of the earliest provinces to have been founded of the Canadian Confederation in 1867.

The ethnic groups in Nova Scotia are Scottish followed by English, Irish, French, German, Dutch and others. Halifax County has the highest population followed by Cape Breton County.

The economy of Nova Scotia has since the past been primarily resource based. However, through the mid 20th century, there has been some diversification. Certain industries like fishing, forestry and mining have come to occupy a great place of importance. Other important areas which have witnessed development include tourism, technology, music, film and finance.

Some of the important cities and towns of Nova Scotia include:

• Halifax
• Cape Breton
• New Glasgow
• Truro

Famous people
Some of the famous personalities from Nova Scotia include:

• Charles Fenetry – invented wood pulp
• Chuck Campbell – actor
• Mark A. Brennan – artist
• Phil Comeau - Filmmakers