Canada Questions and Answers

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How to Visit Canada as a Budget Traveler
There are plenty of options to visit Canada as a budget traveler, from low cost plane tickets and backpacking to budget hotels and hostels, and a lot more. Transportation and Camping While Canada has a well-developed transportation network, the territory covers peaks, lakes,... Full Article
Insurance to Help Your Injured or Sick Pet Friend
There are different options to insure your pet in Canada, and many companies offer affordable and flexible policies to cat and dog owners. Policies cover incidents such as injuries, car accidents, allergies, medical conditions such as kidney problems and anemia, and others. Comprehensive policies... Full Article
The Canadian Citizenship Test: Rewarding or Nerve-wracking Experience for Newcomers
The Canadian citizenship test is intended for individuals who meet the criteria for citizenship, including criminal history, language skills, residential status, age, and others. Applicants can take practice tests before the real test, which is administered by CIC (Citizenship and Immigration... Full Article
Lacrosse and Ice Hockey as Sports That Stir up National Pride
The most popular national sports in Canada are ice hockey and lacrosse. Other popular sports are curling, soccer, basketball, baseball, and Canadian football. Ice Hockey This is the official winter sport and Canada is the birth place of hockey. The rules of the game were created by... Full Article
Who Are the Top Export and Import Partners of Canada
The main trading partners of Canada are Germany, the United States, Mexico, China, and Japan. The country is rich in natural resources such as timber, coal, crude bitumen, and natural gas. Other resources include diamonds, uranium, iron, and copper-zinc. Export and Import Partners The... Full Article
The Rights of Workers and Employees under Employment Law
Employment legislation protects the rights of workers in Canada and covers public holidays, vacation pay, minimum wage, and overtime pay. Other areas include family medical leave, pregnancy leave, and termination notice. Minimum Wage The minimum wage and hours of work vary. In... Full Article

Canada is the second-largest country in the world. With a population of about 34 million people, the country occupies the northernmost parts of North America and spans from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean. The climate ranges from temperate and continental to arctic, with landscape in the southern parts dominated by pine woods as well as lush grain fields. To the north lie expanses of tundra and frozen arctic wastelands.

The territory of Canada had been populated by aboriginal people, most notably the Inuit, for millennia. The first known European colony in Canada was established by the Vikings around 1000 AD; yet, their settlements did not survive for long. The French explorer Samuel de Champlain established the first permanent settlement at Port Royal in 1605, followed by Quebec City in 1608. Canada was formed in 1867 as a federal dominion of four provinces. Over the years, the country gained increasing autonomy from Great Britain, culminating in the Canada Act (1982), which made the country legally independent from the British Parliament.

Today, Canada is a federation of ten provinces and three territories, which is both a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy, with Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II as the head of state.

The country’s capital is Ottawa, while the largest city is Toronto, followed by Montreal and Vancouver. The majority of the population is concentrated in the southern part of the country, along the border with the United States, where the climate is more favorable.

Canada is a bilingual, English/French speaking country: Canada FlagEnglish is the mother tongue of 59.7 percent of the population, and French of 23.2 percent. About 18 percent of the nationals are fluent in both languages. Inuktikut is the majority language in the territory of Nunavut, which has a large share of aboriginal population.

Although the name of the country is derived from the Iroquoian word for village (kanata), its culture is a blend of aboriginal, British and French traditions. Numerous elements of indigenous culture have become part of modern life (canoes, toboggans, snowshoes, maple syrup, tug of war, etc.). Immigration is also a major influence, contributing to the country’s adoption of multicultural policies and religious pluralism.

Canada is among the world’s wealthiest nations. The economy is dominated by the service industry, which provides employment for more than three quarters of the workforce. The country is the largest foreign energy supplier in the United States and exports close to 80 percent of its produce to its neighbor. USA is the key investor in the Canadian economy, with investments targeted at the petroleum, chemical, mining, smelting, and machinery production. Other major import partners are China and Mexico. Main imports in the country are machinery and equipment, motor vehicle and parts, durable consumer products, and crude oil. As of 2009, the external debt of the country equaled $833.8 billion.

Canada possesses a vast wealth of natural resources: oil, natural gas, zinc, uranium, lumber. The Canadian Prairies are among the world’s most significant producers of wheat and other grains, making the country one of the largest exporters of agricultural goods. The science & technology sector is well-developed and the country has had eighteen Nobel laureates to date, in the fields of physics, chemistry and medicine.

Canada’s per-capita immigration rate is the highest in the world, with more than 30 ethnic groups represented. This immigration process is fostered by the country’s broad immigration policy and high standard of life. Recently, the country has introduced liberal social policies with regard to marijuana and gay marriages. Medical marijuana was legalized for use by terminally and chronically ill patients in 2001. Gay marriages were legalized in 2005, along with Belgium, Spain, and the Netherlands.

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